Environmental Justice: The Securitization of climate change in the Small Islands Developing States (SIDS)

Stream: Panel 61 - Environmental Politics: Environmental Justice 
Date: Wednesday, 28 September 2016
Time: 9.00 am – 10.30 am

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the construction of environmental justice of climate change as a security threat in Small Islands Developing States (SIDS). This research will studies how the threat of climate change is constructed and how it is received and accepted by SIDS. Specifically, it will be observe how the IPCC (securitizing actor) informs and guides SIDS (audience); analyzing the discourses of SIDS in international environmental conferences regarding the acceptance of the securitization of climate change; identifying the incorporation of the threat of climate change for SIDS at the United Nations: General Assembly and Security Council; to make a comparative case study of SIDS observing the existence of the emergency measures for the adaptation and mitigation of climate change and to identify the existence of security and migration policies from SIDS regarding the possibility of the disappearance of their land. The conceptual framework that will be used in this work is securitization. This approach highlights the political nature of the security as a speech act, challenging traditional approaches to security and introducing a social constructivist perspective. This framework is ideal for examining how problems are transformed into security issues and how this became part of the protection of Environmental Justice, specially for displaced people

Author

Leticia Santos (Presenter), University of Queensland and Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais
Bachelor's (2011), master's (2013) and PhD degree in progress (completion scheduled in 2018) in International Relations from Catholic University of Minas Gerais with a exchange doctoral period in University of Queensland. Realized (2009) exchange undergraduation period at the Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile (PUC-Chile). She served (2012) as UN staff at Rio + 20. Fellowed as participante in the Project: "Institutional Innovation in water management in the countries southern cone" and "The Climate Change Securitization and Effectiveness of International Regimes". She is voluntary assistant editor and evaluator of International Relations journals and contributes with articles for newsletters.